Footnotes:

# The Duplicity of Mark Chu-Carroll

25 June 2018

Mark Chu-Carroll is a computer scientist and software engineer. He writes a blog Good Math, Bad Math which has the headline:

*“Good Math, Bad Math: Finding the fun in good math. Squashing bad math and the fools who promote it.”*

Previously, I had a great deal of respect for Chu-Carroll, and I even wrote in a previous blog that *in general he doesn’t dismiss anyone as a crank unless he can provide a reasoned explanation as to why they are wrong*.

But it seems that when he is against the ropes, he plays dirty. I recently posted some comments on one of his blog pages Why we need formality in mathematics, and when it was evident that my comments were irking him, he resorted to various well-known dishonest debating tricks (See Dishonest Tricks and Straight and Crooked Thinking). (Footnote: For more on dishonest and fallacious arguments, see also: A List of Fallacious Arguments, Fallacies - The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Constructing a Logical Argument, Fallacies by Dr. Michael C. Labossiere, Wikipedia entry - List of Fallacies.) See also the page The Need for Formality in Mathematics.

One of those tricks was suddenly questioning the meaning of a term whose meaning is perfectly clear, in this case the term *“finite representation”*.

Chu-Carroll asks in a comment:

*What do you mean by real numbers that have no finite representation? That’s one of those informal terms that sounds nice, but could mean several different things.*

But in his previous comment he had used that very term without any quibble, indicating that it was quite clear to him what the term means, saying:

*…how can I prove that there are sets without finite representation in set theory? Very easily…*

And he had used that very term himself in two of his previous blogs, where he makes it very clear what he thinks it means for a number to have or not to have a finite representation - in his blog You can’t even describe most numbers! he says:

*The basics are really easy to explain: A describable number is a number for which there is some finite representation. An indescribable number is a number for which there is no finite notation.*

And he wrote precisely the same thing in another blog You can’t write that number; in fact, you can’t write most numbers.

So in my next comment I ask him why he is now asking me what “finite representation” means:

You ask me now?… Is that intended as a joke?

and point out:

… you have described and explained it several times on your blog (do a Google advanced site search for the phrase “finite representation”).

In his reply he ignores what I said, and tries to confuse the issue by asking me as to what is the correct definition of *“ infinite representation”*, a term I

*use - since I consider it meaningless - and suggests that I*

**never***choose which one of*

**must***list of five different definitions of*

**his***“*is “correct”:

**infinite representation**”*Which one?*

(*1*) *A number has an infinite representation if its decimal (or binary if you prefer) expansion has an infinite number of digits.*

(*2*) *A number has an infinite representation if its expansion in every integral number base has an infinite number of digits.*

(*3*) *A number has an infinite representation if its expansion in every integral number base has a non-terminating, non-repeating sequence of digits?*

(*4*) *A number has an infinite representation if there is no finite-length program in a recursive computing system that produces its digits.*

(*5*) *A number has an infinite representation if there is no way of uniquely identifying the number in a finite amount of space.*

Chu-Carroll simply assumes that:

*not having a finite representation*

implies:

*having some sort of representation that is not finite*

which is an implication that lacks any logical foundation. He assumes that the notion that a number might “exist” but have an infinite representation is a valid notion, but I have no idea what an infinite representation might be. So the answer to the question as to which of his five choices I might choose is none of them, since I consider the concept to be meaningless.

In the same comment he has the gall to tell me that *“ you’re not arguing honestly”* on the basis that I hadn’t defined the term ‘finite representation’, even though I had shown that he had a very clear understanding of the term. In my next comment I again point out that Chu-Carroll had already previously himself used the very term “finite representation” in his blogs, but I provided my own definition anyway:

A real number having a finite representation; There is a definition in a given formal system that can be written down with a finite number of symbols, and which precisely defines the entire expansion of that number (to a given base).

A real number not having a finite representation; There is no definition in any formal system that can be written down with a finite number of symbols, and which precisely defines the entire expansion of that number (to a given base).

Yet, after I provided that definition, he continues in his next comment to berate me for not defining * his* term “infinite representation”, a term that I do not use:

*… the phrase “infinite representation” can have multiple meanings, and I carefully gave you a list of options.* (*Which, I will note, you ignored and gave your own, less precise definition.*)

In my next comment, I point out that, contrary to what Chu-Carroll had written,:

I never used the term “infinite representation”. That is why I did not define it, and why I ignored your definitions of it. The term I actually used was “finite representation”, whose meaning is perfectly clear to you, as used in your blogs…

Chu-Carroll’s reply is:

*Your problem in this entire discussion is that you don’t understand any of the things that you’re talking about.*

And that just about sums up Chu-Carroll’s blatant duplicity - when he finally realizes that he cannot any longer pretend that he doesn’t know what the term “finite representation” means, he changes tack and resorts to claiming that I don’t understand * anything* of what we have been discussing, even though it was I who had to use several comments to show him that the term “finite representation” was easily understandable, even by him. It’s rather interesting that when pressed, he resorts to claiming at one point,

*“I’m not a mathematician. I’m just a lowly software engineer with a math fetish. If you’re right … [you should not be] wasting time arguing with some twit on a blog.”*And on another page he says,

*“As I’ve said many times: I’m not a mathematician; I’m a computer scientist and math hobbyist!”*We see the irrationality of Chu-Carroll’s assertions when we see that while he proclaims his belief that he can always discern a rational argument from a crank one, at the same time by his own admission, he admits that he is lacking some knowledge or insight that another person can have.

The page The Need for Formality in Mathematics includes the full discussion between Chu-Carroll and myself. See also the page Good Math, Bad Math? which remarks on how Chu-Carroll fudges his explanation of Gödel’s proof of incompleteness,

*Other Posts*

Rationale: Every logical argument must be defined in some language, and every language has limitations. Attempting to construct a logical argument while ignoring how the limitations of language might affect that argument is a bizarre approach. The correct acknowledgment of the interactions of logic and language explains almost all of the paradoxes, and resolves almost all of the contradictions, conundrums, and contentious issues in modern philosophy and mathematics.Site MissionPlease see the menu for numerous articles of interest. Please leave a comment or send an email if you are interested in the material on this site.

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